Student Sites Peabody Elementary Teacher Sites
Socratic Questioning Techniques

Use these types of questions in all areas of your day, not just in the reading circle. Teach your students to think critically all day!!!

CLARIFICATION * ASSUMPTIONS * REASONS *VIEWPOINTS* IMPLICATIONS *QUESTIONS * HOTS

What is the Socratic technique?
This type of questioning fosters critical thinking, evaluation, and knowledge application in students.
*Be sure to allow 'wait time' for thinking to process. Give students time to consider the question and their response before requesting them to answer.
*Avoid yes-no questions. They lead nowhere and do not promote thinking or discussion.
*Avoid the question, "Do you understand?" Replace it with the statement, "Give me an example so I know you understand."
*Be sure students have the needed background and resources to response to the questions posed. It is not fair to expect higher levels of thinking on subjects to which they have not been exposed.
*Open-ended and closed questions are useful. Open-ended questions promote critical thinking, while closed questions can focus attention.
*Include clarifying questions, demands and statements. They are as valid as questions are. Students may need guidance as they sift through possible answers.
*Use questions from all levels of thinking. Help students to develop higher levels of critical thinking as well as the typical knowledge and comprehension levels.

QUESTIONS OF CLARIFICATION:

What do you mean by…

What is your main point?

How does ____ relate to ______?

Could you put that another way?

What do you think is the main issue here?

Is your basic point ______ or _____?

How does this relate to our discussion/problem/issue?

What do you think John meant by his remark? What did you take John to mean?

Jane, summarize in your own words what Richard has said. Richard, is that what you meant?

Could you give an example?

Would this be an example: ______?

Could you explain that further?

Would you say more about that?

Why do you say that?

Back to top

QUESTIONS THAT PROBE ASSUMPTIONS:

What are you assuming?

What is Karen assuming?

What could we assume instead?

You seem to be assuming _____. Do I understand you correctly?

You seem to be assuming _____. How do you justify this as your position?

All of your reasoning is dependent on the fact that _____. Why have you based your reasoning on ____ rather than ____?

Back to top

QUESTIONS THAT PROBE REASON AND EVIDENCE:

What would be an example?

Why do you say that?

Why do you think that is right?

What led you in that belief?

How does that apply to this case?

What would convince you otherwise?

How could we go about finding out if that is true?

By what reasoning did you come to that conclusion?

Who is in a position to know if that is the case?

Are those reasons adequate?

Could you explain your reasons to us?

But is that good evidence to believe that?

Back to top

QUESTIONS ABOUT VIEWPOINTS OR PERSPECTIVES:

What would someone who disagrees say?

What is an alternative?

How are Mary's and John's ideas alike? Different?

Back to top

QUESTIONS THAT PROBE IMPLICATIONS AND CONSEQUENCES:

What are you implying by that?

When you say ____ are you implying ____?

But if that happened, what else would also happen as a result? Why?

Back to top

QUESTIONS ABOUT THE QUESTIONS:

Is this the same issue as?

Does this question ask us to evaluate something?

Is this question easy or hard to answer? Why?

Back to top

Page Created by Peggy Barber